Our company management incorporates the concept of integrated pest management (IPM) which:
- Relies on understanding the ecology of the pest, e.g. habits, lifecycle or factors that may favour infestations.
- Draws from this knowledge non-chemical approaches that will make the environment less suited to the development of the pest population.
- May involve, in the control program, the judicious and sensitive use of pesticides, whennecessary.
The primary objective of IPM is to minimise the harmful effects of pesticides by controlling a pest with the minimum and judicious use of chemicals. In order to achieve this, this procedure requires there be a thorough understanding of the pest infestation issues, e.g. moisture, temperature, light, food, shelter or habitat, as well as the presence of other organisms. By understanding the factors that are conducive to the pest infestation, this creates an opportunity by which to change the conditions to eradicate the problem.
METHODS OF CONTROL
Physical controls include proofing, trapping, exclusion and other less complex physical approaches, e.g. screens, traps and silicone barriers. The exclusion of birds can be achieved by proofing the entry points, roosting and nesting areas.
Sanitation and hygiene are an integral part of any professional pest management program. It is these essential criteria that are important in creating an environment that is less attractive to pest problems. It is also important to control the moisture within any given environment, particularly in relation to structural pests, such as termites and borers. In these situations, good ventilation is imperative for reducing the potential risk of your premises being invaded by termites and borers. The reduction in available moisture is also most beneficial in controlling both rodent and cockroach infestation.
Biological control is advantageous in that it specifically relates to a particular pest and does not effect non-target species. An example of such control is the use of nematodes to control millipedes.
The chemicals that are used to control pests are divided into two categories. One category uses synthetic, but biologically-related substances which include hormones and pheromones. The second category consists of general pesticides which include insecticides, rodenticides and herbicides.
The properties of today’s modern pesticides have been modified so as to ensure they are more environmentally acceptable.