A little bit about Mosquito . . .
In Australia there are around 400 species but only approximately 10 are commonly abundant and represent a serious pest threat because of their nuisance biting or their ability to transmit disease. Mosquitoes lay their eggs in areas where there is a water source. E.g.: wetlands both natural and constructed, rain water tanks, pot plant saucers, plants that hold pools of water, hollows in trees, gutters and other items that may be left around that retain water.
The eggs can hatch within a few days and the larval stage begins. Mosquito larvae are aquatic and must live in a water source to survive and complete their development stage.
Once the adult female emerges it will seek out a carbohydrate meal to replenish its energy. The female mosquito will mate with a male generally not far from the breeding site. For development of the eggs the female will need a protein meal and this may be obtained from a high protein source such as blood.
Batches of eggs can vary from 20 to 30 to several hundred depending on the species. Many mosquito species typically move only relatively small distances (sometimes no more than 50-100 metres) from their larval habitats provided appropriate blood sources are in the vicinity. However there is one species able to disperse up to 50 kilometres.
Diseases and Mosquitos
Several important human diseases are transmitted throughout Australia by these insects including Dengue fever, Australian encephalitis, Ross River virus disease and Barmah Forrest virus disease. Malaria has been transmitted locally in Australia only rarely in recent decades.
In addition to being disease vectors, mosquitoes can cause major disruptions, through their persistent biting, to occupational, recreational and social activities.