A little bit about Cockroaches . . .
Scavengers of the world, cockroaches eat almost anything, almost anywhere. They are survivors. Some of the 36,000 species are pests and are carriers of disease affecting humans.
Cockroaches have flat bodies, enabling them to hide under bark, in crevices (or run under doors). Legs are almost even and the antennae are long. The noticeable difference between nymphs and adults, apart from the size, is the lack of wings in the young. Even adults run rather than fly in most circumstances. At the end of each growth stage, the outer shell or cuticle splits and the almost white new stage emerges. It darkens in a couple of hours to again blend with the others.
GERMAN COCKROACHES: Adults are 20-25mm and honey coloured. German cockroaches prefers warm kitchens or storerooms inside buildings.
BROWN-BANDED COCKROACH: Adults are 20-25mm, honey and brown coloured. Brown-banded cockroaches prefer to live in buildings but are less dependent on warmth.
AMERICAN COCKROACH: Adults up to 55mm and deep red/brown in colour. Americans prefer moist areas like drains, both inside and outside. Readily flies in warm climates.
SMOKY BROWN COCKROACH: Same size as the American but darker. Lives in tree hollows, under bark and enters buildings at night.
OTHER AUSTRALIAN NATIVES: There are hundreds of species, mostly found in gardens, but these are not generally considered as pests.
Cockroaches avoid light and prefer warm, moist situations close to a food source. Their indiscriminate feeding in such areas as sewers, drains and garbage areas brings them in contact with disease organisms associated with dysentery, typhoid, hepatitis and tuberculosis. Cockroaches are also known to produce allergic reactions in humans and, in some instances, severe asthma attacks.